Employment of women and girls in Government organizations and Agencies
The Government of India has been making concerted efforts to encourage the women to join Government service by providing some special facilities as enumerated below:
(i) Maternity leave
The Maternity leave increased from 12 weeks to 26 weeks, for the first two children. A woman with two or more children will be entitled to maternity leave up to 12 weeks.
(ii) Child care leave
(iii) Child adoption leave
The Maternity leave for adoptive and commissioning mothers extend maternity leave up to 12 weeks to a working woman who adopts a child below the age of three months, and to commissioning mothers. The period of maternity leave is to be calculated from the date the child is handed over to the adoptive or commissioning mother.
(iv) Special allowance to women with disability
(v) Provision of crèche facility
Every establishment with 50 or more employees to provide for crèche facilities within a prescribed distance. The working woman is allowed four visits in a day, to the creche.
(vi) Posting of husband and wife at the same station
(vii) Special priority in allotment of residential accommodation
(viii) Provision for protection of women from acts of sexual harassment
Any woman working or visiting any office of Central Government (Central Ministries, Departments, Public Sector Undertakings, Autonomous Bodies and Institutions etc.) can file complaint related to sexual harassment at workplace through this SHe-Box and register the complaint through http://www.wcd-sh.nic.in/
(ix) Special Leave connected with inquiry on sexual harassment
(x) Age relaxation for appointment of widows, divorced woman and women judicially separated from their husbands and who are not remarried
(xi) Special dispensation for woman officers of All India Services of North East cadre
(xii) Exemption from payment of fee for examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission and Staff Selection Commission.
As part of its efforts to increase representation of women in central government jobs, the government has decided to exempt women candidates from payment of fees and asked recruiting agencies UPSC and SSC to make this clear in all advertisements to be released for this purpose.
The decision, notified by the ministry of personnel on July 15, came a week after the government made it mandatory for recruitment panels to keep at least one woman member in the Board so that these agencies could strive to have a workforce which reflects gender balance in the central government jobs.
The ministry of personnel on July 8 had issued guidelines, asking all central government departments and recruitment bodies to ensure better representation of women members on various Committees\Boards concerned with appointments to various posts.
The idea is to increase the number of women in central government jobs from existing 7.52% to at least 15%-20 % of total strength of workforce in the next couple of years.
(xiii) Nomination of a women employee in Department Promotion Committee (DPCs). Institutional mechanisms, besides the Committees to prevent sexual harassment, exist in Government service for redressal of grievances of various nature of the women employees.
(xiv) Association of a lady member in Selection Committee/Board for 10 or more vacancies (at all levels).