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White Category of Industries Pollution Control Board

Pollution Control Board newly introduced White category of industries pertains to those industrial sectors which are practically non-polluting such as Biscuit trays etc. from rolled PVC sheet (using automatic vacuum forming machines), Cotton and woolen hosiers making (Dry process only without any dying/washing operation), Electric lamp (bulb) and CFL manufacturing by assembling only, Scientific and mathematical instrument manufacturing, Solar power generation through photovoltaic cell, wind power and mini hydel power (less than 25 MW).

Previous system of Industry classification

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) introduced the concept of categorization of industries as ” Red”, “Orange “and “Green” with the purpose of facilitating decisions related to location of these industries.

New system of Industry classification

 The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) introduced the concept of categorization of industries as ” Red”, “Orange “and “Green” with the purpose of facilitating decisions related to location of these industries.

The concept of categorization of industries continued to evolve and as different State Pollution Control Boards interpreted it differently, a need arose to bring about necessary uniformity in its application across the country.

To maintain uniformity in categorization of industries as red, green and orange as per list finalized by CPCB, which identified 85 types of industrial sectors as ‘Red’, 73 industrial sectors as ‘Orange’ and 86 sectors as ‘Green’.

The process of categorization thus far was primarily based on the size of the industries and consumption of resources. The pollution due to discharge of emissions & effluents and its likely impact on health was not considered as primary criteria. There was demand from the SPCBs / PCCs and industrial associations for categorization of the industrial sectors in a more transparent manner.

The Working Group has developed the criteria of categorization of industrial sectors based on the Pollution Index which is a function of the emissions (air pollutants), effluents (water pollutants), hazardous wastes generated and consumption of resources.

The Pollution Index PI of any industrial sector is a number from 0 to 100 and the increasing value of PI denotes the increasing degree of pollution load from the industrial sector. Based on the series of brain storming sessions among CPCB, SPCBs and MoEFCC , the following criteria on ‘Range of Pollution Index ‘for the purpose of categorization of industrial sectors is finalized.

Range of Pollution Index for the purpose of categorization of industrial sectors were categorized.

Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 60 and above – Red category

Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 41 to 59 –Orange category

Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score of 21 to 40 –Green category

Industrial Sectors having Pollution Index score incl & up to 20 –White category

Based on the final criteria as described in above, the final categorization is as follows:

 

Sl No Category of Industrial Sector Existing Categorization Proposed (New) Categorization
1 Red 85 60
2 Orange 73 83
3 Green 86 63
4 White 0 36
Total 244 242
The salient features of the ‘Re-categorization’ Exercise are as follows:
  • Due importance has been given to relative pollution potential of the industrial sectors based on scientific criteria. Further, wherever possible, splitting of the industrial sectors is also considered based on the use of raw materials, manufacturing process adopted and in turn pollutants expected to be generated.
  • Newly introduced White category contains 36 industrial sectors which are practically nonpolluting.
  • There shall be no necessity of obtaining the Consent to Operate’’ for White category of industries. An intimation to concerned SPCB / PCC shall suffice.
  • No Red category of industries shall normally be permitted in the ecologically fragile area / protected area.

The purpose of categorization is to ensure that the industry is established in a manner which is consistent with the environmental objectives. The new criteria will prompt industrial sectors willing to adopt cleaner technologies, ultimately resulting in generation of fewer pollutants. Another feature of the new categorization system lies in facilitating self-assessment by industries as the subjectivity of earlier assessment has been eliminated. This ‘Re-categorization’ is a part of the efforts, policies and objective of present government to create a clean & transparent working environment in the country and promote the Ease of Doing Business

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